Travel Tanzania: The Serengeti & Beyond

Where Is Mugumu Serengeti?

Mugumu Serengeti is a town in the Mara Region of Northern Tanzania. Mugumu is the administrative seat of Serengeti District in Mara.

Because Mugumu Serengeti is only 40 km from the Ikoma gate of the Serengeti National Park, Mugumu is often used as a base from which to visit the Serengeti.

There are plans to construct an airport in Mugumu Serengeti that will be called Serengeti Mugumu International Airport.

Plans to build this airport were approved by Tanzania Civil Aviation Authority in 2012. The project will be financed by American investor Paul Tudor Jones.

Flights from Arusha to Serengeti

The most convenient way to get from Arusha to Serengeti is to fly from Arusha to one of the Serengeti’s seven airstrips.

If you choose to travel by road, you can also take advantage of what lies between these two places and visit a park or two along the way, i.e., the Ngorongoro Conservation Area and Lake Manyara National Park.

Arusha is served by two airports: Kilimanjaro International Airport (JRO) and Arusha Airport (ARK).

There are flights to the Serengeti from both these airports.

It can take between 1 and 5 hours to fly from Arusha to one of seven airstrips within the Serengeti National Park depending on what the endpoints of your flight are.

All flights are operated by local airlines such as Grumeti Air and Coastal Aviation.

Once you land at one of the Serengeti’s airstrips, you will be picked up by staff from wherever you will be staying and driven to your lodge.

This can take another 45 minutes to 2 hours depending on where you will be staying.

If you are looking for a faster and even more convenient option than this, a scheduled or private charter flight is the way to go.

Some of the more exclusive lodges have their own airstrips and are able to arrange direct scheduled and/or private charter flights from Kilimanjaro International Airport or Arusha Airport to their airstrip.

If you prefer to travel by road from Arusha to Serengeti, it will take approximately eight hours.

An overnight stay at one or more wildlife sites en route is a good way to break up this journey.

Arusha to Kigoma

Arusha and Kigoma are 800 km from each other, as the crow flies, but by road, Kigoma is about 1,140 km from Arusha: no short travelling distance.

The easiest way to get from Arusha to Kigoma is by air, though this is not the cheapest way.

There are no direct flights between Arusha and Kigoma, but you can fly Air Tanzania between these two cities. This journey with Air Tanzania will include stops in both Zanzibar and Dar es Salaam.

If you want to travel by road or train from Arusha to Kigoma, you’d most probably have to catch a bus or train from Arusha to Dar es Salaam, and then have a second leg of this trip by bus or train from Dar es Salaam to Kigoma.

Local Guide Program

The Local Guides program is a Google crowdsourcing program which allows Google users to share information with others about the world around them.

Local Guides is a global community of explorers who write reviews, share photos, answer questions, add or edit places, and check facts on Google Maps.

Millions of people rely on contributions from Local Guides to decide where to go and what to do.

These guides are then given certified levels to reflect how much they have contributed to the Local Guides program.

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I, myself, am currently a Level 6 local guide.

Serengeti One Safaris

Serengeti One Safaris is a tour company based in Mugumu, Serengeti.

It is a locally owned company that also employs local guides.

Serengeti One Safaris can organize tours and safaris to the Serengeti and other parts of Tanzania.

Tanzania Safari Tours

If you are interested in finding out more about safari tours in Tanzania tailored especially for you, click here.

Things to See in Arusha

Arusha is my favorite city in Tanzania (perhaps because my parents met there 😉 ), and there are quite a few things to do in and around Arusha.

For some ideas about what to do when you are next visiting Arusha, click here.

Our road trip began on a cold morning in Mugumu Serengeti, at Giraffe Garden Hotel, where I’d spent the night, having arrived the day before from Mwanza, via Bunda and Butiama (also in Tanzania).

Giraffe Garden Hotel Mugumu Serengeti
Giraffe Garden Hotel, Mugumu Serengeti

Travelling from Mugumu Serengeti to Ikoma Gate

After a quick breakfast, my travel mates and I jumped into our cars for the short 40 km ride to the Ikoma gate of the Serengeti National Park, Tanzania’s oldest and most popular national park.

Our destination was Arusha, where most of my travel companions lived, but the road to Arusha would take us through both the Serengeti National Park and the Ngorongoro Conservation Area.

As it would be my first time visiting the world-famous Serengeti, I was EXCITED!

To put things in perspective, as one of my travel companions reminded me, we weren’t going for a game drive through the Serengeti; rather, we would simply be driving through, staying on the main road.

Nonetheless, just getting a chance to see the Serengeti seemed to me like reason enough for excitement!

Zebras in the Serengeti Tanzania

Entering the Serengeti National Park

Within an hour of leaving Mugumu Serengeti, having made a quick detour to the Serengeti Cultural Centre, we entered the Serengeti National Park.

Having caught a glimpse of the park the previous day as we approached Bunda (the Serengeti National Park’s Ndabaka Gate is a few minutes outside Bunda and a 2-hour drive from Mwanza), I was not surprised to see woodland savanna as we entered the park.

Serengeti Ikoma Gate, Tanzania
Coming from Mugumu Serengeti, we entered the Serengeti National Park through the Ikoma Gate

Within no time, we came upon giraffes munching on treetops.

While crossing a small bridge, a few minutes later, we saw a herd of hippos mucking about in thick muddy water.

Since I was in the mind frame that we weren’t on a game drive, I felt lucky that I’d already seen two large animals within 15 minutes of entering the park.

We continued driving through the Serengeti and yet again came upon more animals—this time one of the Big Five: a herd of elephants.

Game drive or not, we slowed down to take a closer look.

In all honesty, I am not an animal lover by any stretch.

Although I have visited a number of Tanzania’s national parks, it’s almost always been because of someone else.

Still, there’s nothing quite like watching animals in the wild.

As our vehicle slowed down, the excitement in our car grew.

An elephant family in the Serengeti

We quieted down not to startle the elephants, grabbed our cameras and peered keenly through our windows.

Anyone who has ever gone game watching knows what the feeling is like: your heart begins to race a little and the silence is enveloping, as you gaze in fascination at the magic of nature.

We watched the elephants for a while until they walked away behind some bushes.

The spell broken, we too continued on our way.

Elephants playing in the Serengeti

A Lucky Sighting

Again, we drove for some time until we came to a place where we saw cars lined up in the distance, obviously watching something.

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Since we were in the Serengeti, we knew it had to be an animal.

We debated for a while about whether or not to join them, but in the end our curiosity won over.

As soon as we got there, we realized what they were looking at: a leopard walking in the grass.

To understand how rare it is too see leopards in the wild, one of my travel companions, a wildlife biologist with over 20 years experience working in the African wild, said that this was the first time she was getting to see one.

We couldn’t believe our luck!

Forgetting temporarily that we were just passing through, we threw all restraint to the wind and became full-fledged travelers on safari.

A leopard in the wild

We raised the roof of the car, stood on our car seats, got out our binoculars and cameras, and watched in captivation.

At first the leopard was far away and we hoped it would come nearer, but as it got nearer, we hoped it wouldn’t do anything terrifying like jump on our car or, even worse, try to get inside.

Luckily, it didn’t.

Rather, it walked casually in front of the cars and crossed the road to the other side, where it abruptly stopped.

Not knowing much about the animal kingdom, I thought it had stopped simply because it felt like it.

The experts in the car, however, suspected it had stopped because it had spotted something.

It had. Hidden under a nearby bush was a rasp of guinea fowls.

Leopard in Serengeti

The leopard stood at attention for a while, as though debating whether or not to attack the guinea fowls.

Obviously, it must have decided against it because as suddenly as the leopard had stopped, it turned around, crossed the road, and returned from whence it came.

The spectacle over, we resumed our journey.

Seronera & The Wildebeest Migration

The woodlands faded away as we entered the Seronera Valley, the Serengeti National Park’s central valley.

With fewer trees, the Serengeti’s “endless plains” became more apparent.

In Seronera, we saw all manner of antelopes: hartebeest, Thomson’s gazelles, Grant’s gazelles, and bachelor herds of impala.

And then, we came upon zebras—zebras in an unending line both to our left and to our right.

Simultaneously, the driver and one of my travel companions cried out: “The migration!”

Zebra in the Wildebeest Migration, Serengeti, Tanzania

The Serengeti is host to the largest mammal migration in the world, known simply as the wildebeest migration.

Every year, year after year, more than 1.5 million mammals—wildebeest, zebra, and gazelle—cycle through the Serengeti ecosystem; including the Serengeti National Park (in Tanzania), the Ngorongoro Conservation Area (also in Tanzania), and the Maasai Mara National Reserve (in Kenya); in search of water and greener pastures.

Being one of the top 10 natural travel wonders in the world, I had heard of the Serengeti wildebeest migration before but had no hopes of seeing it on this trip, given that we were just driving through and it was October, the driest month in the Serengeti, when most migratory animals are not expected to be on Tanzania’s side of the Serengeti ecosystem but rather in the Maasai Mara, in Kenya.

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To be honest, the wildebeest migration I saw only involved a hundred or so zebra and wildebeest—these were the procrastinator animals (commonly referred to as the tail-end of the wildebeest migration).

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Zebra in the wild

Still, it was a wonder to behold.

How did these animals know to start moving?

Who led the wildebeest migration?

How did they know what direction to travel in?

What kept them in line?

I made a mental note to see the Serengeti wildebeest migration, in its full glory, as soon as possible!

Wildebeest Migration Stampede in Serengeti

We continued through the Seronera Valley almost uneventfully, stopping only once to look at a cheetah, perched on top of a water tank, preventing a water truck from drawing water.

We watched the standoff for a few minutes, but seeing no impending resolution, we left and made our way to Naabi Hill, where we stopped for a bathroom break, visited the Visitor’s Information Centre, and took care of the formalities necessary to exit the Serengeti and enter the Ngorongoro Conservation Area.

The Ngorongoro Conservation Area

As we entered the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, I noticed it looked much like the Serengeti except it was a bit hillier.

The most notable difference was that people lived in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, whereas we hadn’t seen any living in the Serengeti.

Here, we saw Maasai tending to their livestock—sheep, goats, and camels—and generally going about their everyday existence, while we also continued to see wild animals like ostriches and baboons.

Maasai man, Eastern Serengeti, October 2006

We drove through the Ngorongoro Conservation Area for about two hours before we finally reached the rim of the Ngorongoro Crater.

We had not planned to visit the floor of the crater, but still we stopped at the rim to take a look, wonder at the grandeur of nature, and of course, take pictures.

The Ngorongoro Crater (or more accurately, caldera) looked as majestic as I remembered it when I last visited three years earlier.

After the short stop, we got back into our cars, drove directly to the main gates of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, and exited the Ngorongoro-Serengeti ecosystem.

The End of My Serengeti Trip: Getting to Arusha, Tanzania

Needless to say, the three-hour journey to Arusha, via Mto wa Mbu was anticlimactic, considering all we had seen earlier in the day.

Luckily for me, I had something to look forward to: I would be visiting Arusha, a town I love, for the  first time in three years.

I could harldly wait!

Clock Tower, Arusha, Tanzania

We finally arrived in Arusha, much to my delight, eight hours after our departure from Mugumu Serengeti.

And thus ends the story of my road trip from Mugumu Serengeti to Arusha.

What I thought of Arusha when I finally got there is a story for another day! 😉

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Although I completed this trip from Mugumu Serengeti to Arusha in a day, if I were to do it all over again, I’d spread it out over several days spending at least one night in the Serengeti and dedicating a full day to discovering all that the Ngorongoro Conservation Area had to offer.

For more information about these magnificent nature reserves, please visit their official websites.

That’s if from me. If you’ve gone on a similar road trip before and would like to share your experiences, I’d love to hear all about it in the comment section below.

As always, I look forward to hearing from you.

Until the next time,


Did you come to this post looking for more information on Nugumu not Mugumu? If so, here is a bit about that.

Photo Credits: SafariNow, Kupakanusi Mkisi

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